Marion Braidfute, wife of William Wallace, was a fictional character concocted by medieval biographers, a leading historian has claimed. Braidfute, who was supposedly murdered by the Sheriff of Lanark, triggering Wallace’s rebellion against the English, was created more than 200 years after his death to heighten the political standing of a noble family, according to new research.

In Mel Gibson’s 1995 film Braveheart, the brutal murder of Wallace’s wife (whose name was changed to Murron MacClannough, and was played by the actress Catherine McCormack) is portrayed as a pivotal moment in his transformation into a revolutionary hero. However, Ed Archer, an authority on Wallace, has found no mention of her in the earliest accounts of his life Blind Harry’s “The Wallace,” an epic poem written in about 1508, refers to a woman called Innes, who is credited with helping Wallace escape from the clutches of English troops. There is no suggestion that she was his lover or his wife. Braidfute does not appear until 1570, in a revised edition of Blind Harry’s poem, possibly commissioned by the Baillies of Lamington, a wealthy family from Lanark who hoped to ingratiate themselves with Mary, Queen of Scots by claiming to be Wallace’s descendants. In the revised text, Braidfute, from Lamington, Lanarkshire, is described as Wallace’s lover and the mother of his daughter, from whom the Baillies of Lamington claim to be descended.

However, a study by Archer of contemporary historical records found no mention of any Braidfutes living in the area at the end of the 13th century. “Dispelling the myth of Marion is important because we should try to get at the truth beyond the romance that surrounds Wallace,” said Archer. “What lies at the heart of this is the political aspiration of a local, minor aristocratic family who wanted to gain favour at the court of Mary Queen of Scots by claiming to be descended from William Wallace. “There is still mileage in Wallace and there are still things to be discovered about him. People have avoided Blind Harry’s 1508 version of the Wallace story because it is not an easy read.”

Ian Scott, Chairman of The Saltire Society, said he was surprised by Archer’s discovery. “The story of Wallace’s wife and what happened to her is thought of as a trigger event in his life and is key to the story of the man himself,” he said. “New discoveries will continue to be made about Wallace’s life because so little of the hard historical fact is known.” John Murtagh, who played the turncoat nobleman Lochlan in Braveheart, said he had always believed that Wallace’s wife was a symbolic figure. “To me his wife has always been a metaphor for Scotland itself,” he said. “And so when the English try to rape, and then murder her, it is symbolic of the way Scotland was treated.”

Little is known about Wallace’s life before 1297, when he killed Sir William Heselrig, the English-appointed Sheriff of Lanark, and then led a popular uprising. His greatest victory took place at the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297, at which he routed the English army and was later proclaimed Guardian of Scotland. Archer presented his findings last year, at a conference on Wallace’s life hosted by the Lanark Archaeological Trust, part of a series of events commemorating the 700th anniversary of Wallace’s death.

As originally published in the Guardian, Spring 2006

For what it’s worth…
William Wallace and Robert The Bruce. There are two men whose names were a clarion call to all Scots.
And then there was the widow Annabel and her 3 sons by the names of Mackie, Murdoch and McClurg without which Bruce might have died and not have survived, and won his battles, but who has mostly been forgotten except in history’s footnotes.
In 1296, King Edward I, took the stone of Destiny on which Scottish kings were crowned. It has since been returned in the 21st century.

Sir William Wallace 1272 – 1305 killed the English Sheriff of Lanark who had apparently murdered Wallace’s sweetheart.
A price was put on his head, so supported by a few of the Scots barons, Wallace inflicted a resounding defeat on the English at Stirling Bridge in 1297. The jubilant Scots made him Guardian of Scotland but their joy was short-lived. Wallace was murdered by Edward ! in 1305 unless you want to call it a legal execution .

Robert the Bruce was crowned king of Scots on 25 March 1306. Edward I’s forces defeated Robert in the Battle of Methven, forcing him to flee into hiding.
In 1306 Robert came across a small house while fleeing. That became a famous legendary encounter.
Tired, hungry, exhausted, and alone, he continued his run. Bruce had divided his forces: Sir James of Douglas and Edward Bruce, Robert’s brother. They were to meet him in Craigencallie, a hill on the west shore of Loch Dee, what is now Kirkcudbrightshire.
Sir Aymer de Valence for King Edward followed Bruce into the highlands of Galloway where the family of McClurg lived to defeat or capture him.

By morning Bruce arrived at Craigencallie, the Crag of the old woman, She fed him and dried his clothes by the fire and gave him a place to sleep. The widow had 3 sons, one was named Peter McClurg.

The 3 sons stood guard and protected Bruce while he slept. In the morning she sent her sons with Bruce to protect him until he met with his few troops that remained, 300 of them. The brothers asked to join his army.
The 3 brothers tricked King Edward’s men the night before the next battle at Raploch Moor by driving a herd of cattle all night, giving the impression Bruce had a much larger army than his 300 men. One English historian numbered the Scots at 10,000. The English had mustered an army of 800 and were demoralized.
Bruce attacked at dawn cutting the English to pieces.
Edward II, became King of England in 1307.

After the Battle of Bannockurnock, June 23, 1314, Bruce wished to reward the 3 brothers who had served with him in all his campaigns. They asked permission to refer the question to their mother. who said she “would like a wee bit of hassock atween Palnure and Penkill,” It was a triangle of land with a bass of 3 miles along the river Cree extending 5 miles back into the interior.
Bruce gave the widow a “wee bit of hassock”. The “hassock” given to her was divided between 3 sons, Mackie of Lurg, Murdoch of Cumloden, and McClurg of Kirouchtree.
King Bruce then granted them a coat of arms, distinctive heraldic bearings or shield and a crest “a raven rising, sable, having an arrow thrust through his heart, gulls headed and feathered, argent. Motto OMNIA PRO BONO.

Edward II, King of England was deposed in January 1327.
Edward III recognized Bruce as King of Scotland in 1327.
Bruce died 1329.
In the 1600’s many Scots left Scotland and went to Ireland and the new world. Grave sites in Scotland have many people buried in the same space many times.

This grave site only has McClurg inscribed on it, (cant upload images in this comment) but there could also be McKies, Murdocks, or Herons down in there too. The McClurg tombstone with the raven rising, sable, having an arrow thrust through his heart, gulls headed and feathered, argent. Motto OMNIA PRO BONO is in Newton-Stewart, in Scotland.

After all that, Kingdoms of England and Scotland were ended by their merging as the Kingdom of Great Britain. So much for the clarion’s very clear message about what action is needed.

After 300 years, as a thank you, in 1738, the Hassock lands were seized and sold, then bought by the Earl of Galloway to pay the debt of the grandfather and father. No good deed ever goes unpunished. Its what government’s do best,

To be sure, the cry of freedom goes on. James McClurg (1746 – July 9, 1823) was a founding father, a Federalist, meaning an advocate for a strong central government that would oversee the then-13 states, and was one of the most distinguished physicians in the colonies, who served as a delegate to the Philadelphia Convention (2nd Continental Convention all summer long 1787) to ratify The Constitution for the united States of America, and was the 18th, 21st, and 24th mayor of Richmond, Virginia. He knew Presidents George Washington, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson . His lifelong friendship with Jefferson dated from their school days.

I do not know whether Marion existed or not, but I do know that Wallace’s right hand man was said to be William McKerlie and the McKerlies and the Braidfutes intermarried. I am a Broadfoot and I have visited the old kirk at Cruggleton where Braidfutes and McKerlies are buried together in the churchyard at the “foot of the hill” of Crugglton Caste. It is also written that Wallace assisted William McKerlie in his defense of Cruggleton Castle. There seems to be evidence that the McKerlies were close to Wallace and the McKerlies were also close to Broadfoots. I also know that several of the Broadfoots did live In Lanark, though I don’t know what year they came there. They also lived in Cruggleton and Isle of Whithorn, not far from Lanark.

Nevertheless, Braidfute/Broadfoots did live in Lanark and Whithorn and all around that area of Southwest Scotland. Interesting if someone inserted the name Marion Braidfute into the legend of wallace. that he chose that family. Briadfutes were neither rich nor powerful nor famous. And by the way I have an extensive record of Braifutes that goes way back (in our family it is called the scroll) to the 1500’s and it shows these families living all around Southwestern Scotland. And I did visit most of those places when I was in Scotland and by car they were not that far apart. I suspect that the Scots who were used to traveling by foot would have had no problem moving wround through those parts. I believe many started off in Cruggleton.

Your post does fit together with many other posts about William Wallace and Marion Braidfute. It is well-documented that William Wallace was Catholic. He did had Catholic clergy as relatives and was educated in the Catholic faith. I just don’t think Marion was just Wallace’s lover, but that they may have been secretly married in the Church by one of His clergy relatives. Wallace’s clergy relatives would have looked askance at any out-of-marriage relationship between Marion and William because such a relationship would have been out of keeping with the Catholic Church. Because of all the strife with the British and the possibility that Sir William Heselrig wanted Marion to marry his son would have been all the more reasons for keeping it secret. I do believe that Heselrig found out and killed Marion because of this and because she would not reveal the whereabouts of William. I believe also that Heselrig was searching for Wallace and had issued a warrant for his arrest because he and possibly some of his followers had killed British soldiers who were taunting Wallace.

I realize that what I have just posted may be a leap of logic, but the more I read about William Wallace, the more many undocumented pieces of unpublished family history seem to fit together and make sense.

Eric Revere, Great Grandson of Mary Jane Jenny Wallace.

Braveheart is one of my favorite movies, if not my favorite. What’s most important is that the movie brought me to the “truth”, though it seems that isn’t completely known even still, sadly. I’m watching Braveheart again right now, years later and it once again got me interested in Scotland and William Wallace. I love this story, this history! (hope it’s ok that iI’m not a Wallace.)

Yeah. As much as I love so much that movie and I have cried so many times each time I watched it, this movie “Braveheart” of Mel Gibson is one of the MOST NON-HISTORICAL ACCURATE of all times!

If you read few books about the real hero (Wallace), you easily find out that Gibson simply had JUST TWO accurate facts for Scotland’s National Hero:

He was… William Wallace his actual name… and he fought for Scotland’s indipendence!!! All the rest in the film are “science fiction”!

Seriously, I don’t understand, when they making BIOGRAPHY FILMS for a specific HISTORICAL character who actually existed… why they ruining so much the story??? Producers/directors in the past made amazing job, for example the “Lawrence of Arabia” that was a triumph and so accurate for the notorious English commander Colonel T. E. Lawrence.

Anyways… best wishes from Greece, we love you guys (Scots).

Malcolm as the father of Sir William Wallace was given by Blind Harry, on his own or with assistance from Sir William Wallace in the 1470s who was the financial provider behind the book. That branch of the Wallace family died out about 1374. Detail on the seal attached to the Lubeck Letter written in November 1297 states it this way: “William Wallace son of Alan.”

Is Alan just a variation of Malcolm? – or – A reference to FitzAlan? I seem to have read this justification, so it would validate this tree to some extent.

Sir William Wallace was the son of Malcolm and Margaret Crauford.

Malcolm Wallace was the son of Adam Wallace and Euphemia FitzAlan Stewart.
Margaret Crauford was the daughter of Hugh Crauford and Alicia (???).

Adam de Waleys [Wallace], 4th of Riccarton, was the son of Adam Wallace, 3rd of Riccarton of Riccarton, and Christine Kilebane.
Euphemia FitzAlan Stewart was the daughter of Walter Stewart and Bethóc.

Is this the correct tree? – or – Is there a family lineage for Sir William Wallace that is more accurate?

Since the discovery of Alan Wallace of Ayrshire being William father. Historians have speculated on where William was born. One idea is Blackcrag Castle, which was 7 miles away on the drovers road from St Connals Kirk, and the settlement of Kirkconnel. This would have been the Wallaces local church. In the 13th century Kirkconnel was a tiny settlement at the foot of Kirkland Hill, straddling a burn. Braidfute in Scots means ‘foot of hill place’ or ‘foot of burn place’. There are still Broadfoots in the modern town of Kirkconnel.

The more likely scenario is that all three sons, Malcolm, William and John, were born at the estate managed by Alan Wallace, Auchincruive (or Hackencrow), just outside the village of Ayr. Alan Wallace attached his seal to the Ragman Roll of 1296 as a royal tenant in Ayrshire.

Claims made in this piece should have been addressed a dozen years ago when first published in The Guardian. Blind Harry’s book was first published around the 1475-1480 period, quickly became the second best selling book in Scotland right behind the Bible. Harry died in 1492, according to historic records. Speaking of historic records, there is no known records to substantiate the existence of a Marion Briadfute; Dr. Rogers in his 1889 book stated that Sir William Wallace died unmarried and childless, current genealogy claims made on the internet notwithstanding. Given Sir William’s virulent dislike of the English, that alone may well have been sufficient reason for going after the Sheriff of Lanark, followed shortly thereafter by joining up with William Douglas to run off the Justiciar from Scone. As to history surrounding William Wallace, our guide at Stirling Castle in 2005 had it spot on when he told us “Braveheart,” the movie got two things right about Wallace: his name and his country!

[…] did exist in real life, his historical relevance was exaggerated, and the loss of his wife was invented to give it a dramatic twist. The real-life nickname “Braveheart” was given to King Robert […]

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